Diarrhea occurs when stools contain more water than normal. Diarrhea is also called loose or watery stools; frequent passing of normal stools is not diarrhea. The number of stools passed in a day varies with the diet and age of the child. In many regions diarrhea is defined as 3 or more loose or watery stools in a 24-hour period .How do you know is diarrhea? First you need to know what a normal stool pattern is for your baby. Usually their stool pattern is dependent on the die, when they start eating solid foods the stool starts to firm up. One way to know if your baby has diarrhea is when your baby passes stool more than usual and the stool is looser, more watery than usual. The danger to diarrhea is dehydration; you have to ensure your baby is always hydrated.

Causes of diarrhea

Diarrhea can be caused by the following:

Viral infections such as rotavirus, influenza.

Bacterial infections


Too much juice

Allergy from food

Signs of Dehydration

-sunken eyes

-in young babies, a sunken soft spot (fontanelle) on their head

– Few or no tears when they cry.

– A dry mouth.

-Fewer wet nipples.

-Dark yellow urine.


-Give oral rehydration salt solution and keep breastfeeding If the baby is still breastfeeding.

-Ensure nipples and feeding bottles are properly washed and sterilized; this helps to prevent the growth of bacteria.

-If diarrhea should persist after 14 days, that is persistent diarrhea, ensure you see your doctor.


imageAnemia is a medical condition in which there is not enough healthy oxygen supply to the tissues in the body. When the tissues do not receive an adequate amount of oxygen, many organs and functions are affected. Pregnancy increase the risk of developing anemia due to increased amount of blood being produced in the body. Anemia in pregnancy can be a mild condition and easily treated if caught early on. However it can be dangerous, to both the mother and baby if it goes untreated.

What causes anemia in pregnancy

The main cause of anemia  in pregnancy is due to the increased volume of blood in the body.

What are the types of anemia?

There are over 400 different types of anemia, but some are more prevalent in pregnancy. The most common experienced types of anemia are : 1) iron deficiency anemia 2) folate deficiency anemia

  • Iron –deficiency anemia: it is the most common type of anemia during pregnancy , this type of anemia is due to a lack of iron in the body to produce red blood cells.
  • Folate-defiency anemia : this is due to a lack of folic acid in the body which is why folic acid is a common supplement taken by pregnant women. Folic acid also helps to reduce neural tube defects.

How would I know I have anemia?

Some of the signs and symptoms of anemia include: tiredness, lack of energy, shortness of breathe, noticeable heartbeats, pale complexion, headache, an altered sense of taste, feeling itchy, hair loss.

What the effects of anemia?

Anemia is especially a concern because it is associated with low birth weights, premature births and maternal mortality.

What can I do to prevent anemia in pregnancy?

It can be prevented by taking recommended iron supplements and folic acid supplements, eat foods rich in iron such eggs, meat, fish, nuts and seeds.


American preganancy association.



In my previous post HERE  I talked about breast engorgement and the various ways of relieving it such as expressing and use of cold cabbage leaves. This post is a continuation to that post and I decided to talk about how to use cabbage leaves to relieve engorgement. Cabbage basically is a common vegetable and it is easily accessible.  Cabbage leaves can be used  to help relieve swelling and relieve the pain and discomfort that comes with breast engorgement. There is really no known property within the cabbage itself that has shown to help relieve the swelling and pain or if the swelling goes down because the cabbage leaves are acting as a cold



infant colic.jpgThere is nothing more distressing to a parent than a cranky, irritable and crying baby,  Infant colic is manifested by persistent, unexplained, inconsolable crying, that can continue for several hours each day, often occurring in the evening,among  yorubas  it is called COLI(pronounce with a Yoruba accent). Colic can be a source of distress for many parents especially when the baby does not respond to usual methods of soothing. It can occur by 2-3 weeks of age and it can continue until the infant is 4-6 months of age .The cause of colic is still a mystery to many but some believe it to be gastrointestinal in nature, some believe it to be caused by gas, a developing nervous system or a moody baby.

One thing you should know however is that  there is no particular method to resolve infant colic, it usually resolves on its own by 4-6 months. To help in soothing your baby it is best to try one method of soothing before you try another and see which best works for your baby. If you are having concerns about colic you can see your doctor to help you rule out medical causes for your baby’s irritation.

Other things that can make your baby fussy or irritable include:

-An infection

-Stomach problems or acid reflux.

-Eye trouble , like a scratch.

– Injury to the bones or fingers.



Ensure to try one at a time to know which would soothe your baby:

  • Changes in the amount and type of infant stimulation such as putting baby to sleep in a quiet, low-lighted room or dark room.
  • Rocking of your baby
  • Also you can try massaging your baby.



First thing to know is that colic does resolve on time just takes a few months , this would prepare you mentally for how long it might take. You should know it is fine for you to leave your baby to lay safely in the crib and leave to take a break , you shouldn’t feel guilty and nothing would happen to your baby so take a break for a while and come back to your baby.

You should seek support from family and friends or wherever you can get support to help you during this period.

Worry less your baby would grow and develop properly regardless of the colic.


photo credit:



The one thing I love best about Nigeria is how our culture shapes us and the mix of religion to it makes it more wonderful, it literally influences every aspect of our lives from how to relate with people especially the elderly to the kind of food we eat and the cloth we wear. Growing up as a child we are ingrained with different beliefs, one thing that I know is hardly ever discussed in a Nigerian home is pregnancy and birth, in short it’s like a taboo




so its the 31st today end of another wonderful year of blogging and giving out information  i enjoyed every part of it and it has been a wonderful year. 2017 promises to be better, i have lots of plans for the blog and i hope you would love them.i hope you all have your goals for next year because i do and  next year the blog would look better and be inclusive of daddies we don’t want to leave the daddies out anymore they deserve to know so they can better support and help with the baby so watch out for that.

I therefore want to use this opportunity to appreciate all my readers and followers you keep me going every morning , thank you for always finding time to read my blog because it would be nothing without you. see you in 2017!!!!


Merry Christmas and a prosperous new year!!!!!!!!!!!!